What are common law cases

"That which derives its force and authority from the universal consent and immemorial practice of the People" or "Customs and usage of the People since immemorial antiquity"

There is no such thing as statutory law in the U.S., yes, there are statutes, but only one jurisdiction recognizes the lawful validity of statutes, that jurisdiction is Admiralty/Maritime jurisdiction, however unless your engaged in international contracts you need not worry about that. The Constitution grants 2 other jurisdictions ''Law and equity", the former being common law and the latter being equity law.

COURTS OF EQUITY are courts not of record that do not have the power to fine or

incarcerate, therefore, they cannot hear criminal cases. They proceed in equity which is a body of jurisprudence being a practical science that builds upon principles and self-evident

truths synonymous with that of common law and the law of the land that all

judges must obey. Equity supersedes the civil law in virtue meeting out impartial justice

between two persons whose rights or claims are in conflict; the tribunal is a Judge

bound by oath and an appellate structure made up of three or more judges. If the claim

is over $20 either party has a right to choose a court of law which is trial by jury.

COURTS OF LAW are courts of record that proceed according to common law. All

criminal cases require an injured party and the State cannot be the plaintiff. The tribunal

is a “free and independent jury” of twelve People whose decision is final and from

which there is no appeal. It is We the People that bring an indictment through the Grand Jury, and the People

that decide the facts, law, remedy and/or penalty.